What is Diabetes?
Diabetes has 3 main types: Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes – persons who have type 1 diabetes means their body does not make insulin. Insulin is needed every day for a person to live. You need insulin to take the glucose or sugar from the foods you eat. This sugar will later turn into energy which your body needs for day to day work.
- Type 2 diabetes – this is the most common type of diabetes. People who have type 2 diabetes means their body does not make or use enough insulin to support their body. People who acquire this type of diabetes take pills or insulin to control their diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes – Pregnant women usually get this type of diabetes. Diabetes may go away after the baby is born. However, they may have greater chances of acquiring diabetes later in their lives even if it goes away after giving birth.
Managing diabetes requires total awareness. It’s important to know what makes your blood sugar fall and rise and learn how to control several factors that affect your diabetes. Here are some of the actions you can take to manage your diabetes.
- Be active
One of the most important parts of diabetes management plan is physical activity. Regular physical activities help the body use insulin more efficiently. Exercising uses muscles to release glucose for energy. Insulin and physical activities work together to help lower the blood sugar level. Light activities at home such as gardening and household chores help improve blood sugar. Here are the steps to better manage your diabetes through exercise:
- Talk to your doctor about your exercise plan
- Stick to your exercise schedule
- Check your blood sugar levels before exercising
- Always stay hydrated
- Adjust your diabetes treatment plan if needed
- Eat Well
- Choose foods that are low in saturated fats, calories, trans fat, salt, and sugar.
- Foods rich in fiber such as pieces of bread, cereals, rice, pasta, or whole grain are also proven to help.
- Drink water instead of soda or juice.
- Know what to do every day
- Always take your medications even when you feel good.
- Ask your doctor if you need to take aspirin to prevent stroke or heart attack.
- Always check your feet if there are red spots, blisters, cuts or welling. If there is, call your healthcare team immediately.
- Keep your mouth, teeth, and gums healthy by brushing and flossing at least twice every day.
- Stop or better yet, do not smoke.
- Always check your blood sugar level. Check it at least twice each day.
Coping with Diabetes
Stress is one main factor that can raise your blood sugar. To lower stress, try some simple and effective activities such as gardening, deep breathing, meditating, taking a walk, listening to your favorite song or working on your own hobby.
If in case you’re feeling down, it is never wrong to seek professional help. You may ask advice from mental health counselor, a close friend or a family member who will always listen to you to help make you feel better.