IZPO’s WAR on Diabetes – What is Diabetes?




What you need to know about Diabetes?

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases that almost every family is suffering these days with one or more family members globally. But most people are still unaware the causes, symptoms and treatment of diabetes. Diabetes, in a simple language, is directly related to our digestive system. Whatever we eat, we need to digest and for digestion our food breaks into small pieces of glucose or sugar. This sugar then goes to our blood cells and gives us energy to work for the day. Now to transfer glucose to our blood cells, we need insulin that is made by the pancreas. If due to some reasons, our pancreas is not able to produce enough amount of insulin to transfer glucose into the blood cells, the condition is known as diabetes, and the person suffering from this disease is called as a diabetic.

According to International Diabetes Federation, more than 415 million people around the world are suffering from diabetes, and the number of diabetics will be 642 million by the year 2040. The figure also shows that one in every eleven adults suffers from diabetes under the Sun. The facts and figures researched in this report clearly show that diabetes has become one of the most common diseases, and we need more doctors and scholars who can make continuous and serious efforts to come up with a better medicine or treatment for diabetes.

Diabetes has been labeled into two parts, Type1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes, depending upon the symptoms that the patients are having.

Here are some interesting facts about diabetes that you need to know:

  • Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong disease but Type 2 diabetes is preventive in nature.
  • To manage your sugar level in your body, you need to balance your diet and do daily exercises.
  • Medicine plays a significant role to balance the sugar level, so it is important to have your medicine prescribed by endocrinologist daily at the same time without fail.
  • Diabetes can be fatal if medication is ignored.

Some myths about Diabetes:

  • Many people believe that diabetes is a spreadable disease. But it is a myth. Diabetes is not at all contagious. It does not spread by any means. Though it can be genetic.
  • You don’t have diabetes because you eat too much sweet. Just believe, sweet is not at all culprit if you become a diabetic. In fact, if you are a diabetes patient and are regularly taking your medicine, you can eat sweets and chocolate a little bit.
  • It is the biggest myth that all obese people must have diabetes. Obese people are likely to have type 2 diabetes, but this is because they do not eat balanced food and do not do exercise.

What is prediabetes?

Prediabetes is a situation where the blood sugar of a person becomes higher than the normal, but not high enough to be declared as a diabetic. The majority of type 2 diabetes patients have pre-diabetes. For a prediabetic, it is possible to achieve back the normal blood glucose levels without taking any medicines.

Symptoms of Diabetes

The below are some common symptoms of diabetes:

  1. Increased Urine Output and frequent urination,
  2. Unusual thirst,
  3. Weight loss or gain,
  4. Hunger,
  5. Fatigue or lack of energy,
  6. Blurred vision,
  7. Cuts and bruises that are slow to heal,
  8. Yeast infections, and
  9. Tingling or numbness in the hands, feet or toes

If diabetes is diagnosed early, the risks of the complications can be reduced.

Who Gets Diabetes?

Anyone can get this disease. However if your relatives have this disease, your chances of getting this disease is more. Some other risk factors of getting the disease are obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and physical inactivity. The risk of getting this disease also increases with the growing age.