Key Signs & Symptoms of Cancer

It’s vital to know your body & to tell your doctor if you observe a change which is not normal for you. This list, in no unique order, highlights a few of the key symptoms to be alert to. But if you identify something that is not normal for you, get it tested.


It isn’t strange to feel out of breath every now & then. But if you observe that you are feeling exhausted more than usual or for lots of the time, consult with your doctor.

Unexplained vaginal bleeding

‘Spotting’ or bleeding between periods is a pretty common side-effect of the birth control pill. But blood loss from the vagina between periods, post-menopause or after sex should be tested by your doctor.

Unexplained ache or pain

Pain is the best way our bodies tell us that anything is wrong. As we grow older, it is more common to encounter aches & pains. But if you’ve unexplained, continuous pain, or pain that comes & goes for more than four weeks, make a visit to your doctor.

Key Signs & Symptoms of Cancer

Key Signs & Symptoms of Cancer

Persistent indigestion or heartburn

It’s normal to feel minor discomfort or pain often after eating a large, spicy or fatty meal. But if you’re experiencing indigestion or heartburn a lot, or if it’s specifically painful, then make sure you see your doctor.

Croaky voice or hoarseness

Feeling hoarse or having a croaky voice could be common with colds. But a croaky voice which has not gone away on its own after a couple of weeks should be tested by your doctor.

Looser poo or pooing more often

Loose, regular bowel motions are generally caused by food poisoning or stomach bugs, but if you’ve observed a change to pooing more often or looser poo that has lasted four to six weeks or more, then it is important to consult with your doctor.

Persistent bloating

It is quite common for females to experience bloating of the stomach that comes & goes. But if you experience bloated, most days, for three weeks or more, make a meeting to see your doctor.

Difficulty swallowing

Several medical conditions can make it hard to swallow. But if you’re having problems swallowing & the problem does not go away after a few weeks, it should be tested.

Sore that will not heal

The skin repair itself very rapidly & any damage generally heals within a week or so. When an area, wart or sore does not heal after a number of weeks, even if it is painless, a doctor has to check it.

Mouth or tongue ulcer that will not heal

It is common to get ulcers in the mouth when you are slightly run down. The mouth lining renews itself every two weeks or so that is why ulcers generally heal within this time. But an ulcer that does not heal after three weeks should be claimed to your dentist.

Heavy night sweats

Sweating at night-time can be a result of infections or it could be a side effect of particular medications. It is also often encountered by women around the duration of the menopause. But very hefty, drenching night sweats could also be a symptom of cancer & should be tested by your doctor.

Unusual breast changes

Lumps aren’t the only breast changes that must be reported to a doctor. Also watch out for any change in the shape, size, or feel of a breast, an alteration to the skin redness, texture, pain in the breast, fluid leaking from the nipple or a nipple change in a woman who isn’t breastfeeding or pregnant. Be sure your doctor understands about any changes.

Blood in your poo

The most common reason for blood in your poo is piles. But blood in your stools can often be an indication of cancer. Your doctor would like to know if you identify blood whenever you go to the toilet.

Blood in your pee

Blood in your pee ought to always be claimed to a doctor. Normally this is not due to cancer & can be dealt with quickly & easily, but it can be an indication of cancer. Your doctor is going to be able to let you know what the cause is.

Unexplained weight loss

Small weight adjustments over time are fairly normal, but if you drop a recognizable amount of weight devoid of trying to, tell your doctor.


Overview of Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases including abnormal cell growth with the potential to spread or invade to other parts of the body. The cells have lost normal mechanism of control & thus are capable of expanding continuously, get into adjacent tissues, move to distant parts of the body & promote the development of new blood vessels from which the tissues derive nutrients.

Types of Cancer

There are over hundred types of cancer. Types of cancer are generally named for the tissues or organs where the cancers form. For instance, lung cancer begins in cells of the lung & brain cancer begins in brain cells. Cancers also defined by the kind of cell that formed them, like a squamous cell or an epithelial cell.



Here are a few categories of cancers that start in particular types of cells:


Carcinomas are one of the most common sort of cancer. They are shaped by epithelial cells that are the tissues that cover the outside & inside  surfaces of the body. There are several types of epithelial cells that frequently have a column-like shape when seen under a microscope.


Sarcomas are cancers which form in bone & soft tissues, such as muscle, fat, lymph vessels, blood vessels & fibrous tissue .

Osteosarcoma is the most prevalent cancer of bone. The most common kinds of soft cells sarcoma are leiomyosarcoma,  malignant fibrous histiocytoma, Kaposi sarcoma, liposarcoma & dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.


Cancers that start in the blood-forming cells of the bone marrow are known as leukemias. These cancers don’t form solid tumors. Rather, signifigant amounts of abnormal white blood tissues (leukemic blast cells & leukemia cells) develop in the blood & bone marrow, crowding out regular blood cells. The low amount of normal blood cells can allow it to be harder for the body to receive oxygen to its cells, fight infections or control bleeding.

There are 4 common types of leukemia that are grouped depending on how quickly the disease gets worse & on the kind of blood cell the cancer begins in (myeloid or lymphoblastic).


Lymphoma is cancer that starts in lymphocytes (B cells or T cells). These are disorder-fighting white blood cells which are part of the defense system. In lymphoma, irregular lymphocytes develop in lymph nodes & lymph vessels, along with in other internal organs of the body.

There are 2 main types of lymphoma:

Hodgkin lymphoma – Individuals with this disease have irregular lymphocytes that are known as Reed-Sternberg cells. These tissues normally form from B cells.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma – It is a large group of cancers that begin in lymphocytes. The cancers could grow slowly or quickly & can form from T cells or B cells.

Multiple Myeloma

It is cancer that starts in plasma cells, another kind of immune cell. The irregular plasma cells, known as myeloma cells, develop in the bone marrow & form tumors in bones throughout the body. Multiple myeloma is generally known as plasma cell myeloma & Kahler disease.


It is cancer that starts in cells that become melanocytes that are specific cells that make melanin. Most melanomas form on the epidermis, but melanomas may also form in other pigmented cells, like the eye.

Brain & Spinal Cord Tumors

There are different kinds of brain & spinal cord tumors. These tumors are known as depending on the type of cellular in which they created & where the tumor 1st formed in the core nervous system. For instance, an astrocytic tumor starts in star-shaped brain tissues known as astrocytes, which help keep nerve tissues healthy. Brain tumors could be malignant (cancer) or benign (not cancer).

How to Stop Prediabetes from Developing


Prediabetes is a condition wherein your blood glucose or blood sugar levels are higher than normal. However, the high sugar levels associated with it may not be enough to be considered as diabetes. If you have prediabetes, the symptoms that you experience are the same with diabetes. You might think that it is okay not to worry when you have it, but what you have to take note is that this condition puts you at risk of developing a much more serious condition which is Type 2 Diabetes and even other health-related problems such stroke.

Symptoms of Prediabetes

  1. Blurry vision – When you have prediabetes, you may notice some changes in your vision such as blurredness and decrease of ability to focus on a subject. However, once your blood sugar goes back to normal, blurred vision also diminishes and eventually goes away.
  2. Increased thirst and frequent urination – Thirstiness and frequent urination are one of the most common signs of prediabetes. This is because of the fact that your body responses to the surplus sugar in your blood, making your body attempt to flush the excess into the urine and making you eventually dehydrated.
  3. Fatigue – Because your body needs blood sugar in order to provide energy, you have to keep it normal. However, your blood sugar may not be working properly if you have prediabetes. This leads to insulin resistance and decrease of ability to make your body perform more tasks.
  4. Presence of wounds or infections – When your blood sugar is high, there is also a slow skin repair process because it is the time when your body experiences slow blood circulation. This may lead to developing minor cuts and bruises. This may also encourage the growth of bacteria and fungi which are a threat to developing an infection.
  5. Sudden weight gain or weight loss – A sudden change in your weight may be a sign of prediabetes because of the abnormality with the way your body resists insulin. Insulin resistance can make you crave more foods which cause you weight gain. On the other hand, Prediabetes may lead you to weight loss when your body fails to get the energy it needs from blood glucose and starts to burn other things in your system.

How to Prevent Prediabetes

  1. Losing weight through healthy eating – One of the common risk factors that lead to the development of prediabetes is an overweight body. In order to combat prediabetes, you need to maintain a normal weight. Resort to a healthier diet by limiting portion sizes, cutting back calorie and carb-loaded foods, and avoiding foods that have a high amount of fats and sugar. Opting for fruits, veggies, whole grains, and lean protein may also be a good idea to prevent prediabetes.
  2. Make exercise part of your routine – Following an active lifestyle can never go wrong. Exercising daily will not only prevent you from developing prediabetes but it will also prevent other conditions to arise such as cardiovascular diseases and stroke. Make exercise a priory. Take walks every day and perform cardio exercises or any other forms of exercise to keep your body moving and to also take away your stress.
  3. Quit smoking – Studies show that a person who smokes may also be at risk for prediabetes. In fact, 30% to 40% of people who smoke are also more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes. The sooner you quit the habit of smoking, the fewer chances you get in developing prediabetes.
  4. Get a regular checkup with your physician – To be able to be informed about the status of your blood glucose level and your overall condition, you need to visit your physician more often. Remember that early detection of blood sugar changes can make you become aware and motivated to follow a healthier and ideal lifestyle.
  5. Lower your stress – It is good to stay away from stressors which are one of the causes of developing any types of diseases. Take time to meditate and get enough sleep. Doing Yoga are performing Pilates are also great stress-reducing techniques to combat prediabetes,

Remember that it is more important to keep yourself away from prediabetes before you see it coming rather than letting it develop and give you a hard time to control and cure it. Prevention, after all, is better than cure.

What You Need to Know About Prediabetes: Diagnosing Diabetes

You suspect you have an increased blood sugar level. How will you know if you think you are right? There are various ways to know if your blood sugar levels rise or if you have a prediabetes condition. Prediabetes is considered as a warning sign or a pre-diagnosis if your blood glucose level is higher than the normal range. In prediabetes, your blood sugar may be high but it is not high enough to be diagnosed as full-blown diabetes. However, having a prediabetes still means that you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle in order to keep yourself away from progressing your condition into diabetes, specifically Type 2 Diabetes. Prediabetes may also lead you to other health problems aside from diabetes such as stroke and heart diseases.

Is prediabetes reversible? According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), this condition can be reversed as long as you stick to your treatment regimen which includes following a healthy diet, doing exercises on a regular basis, and taking your medications religiously. If you have prediabetes and you do not make lifestyle changes, then you are more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes within 10 years.

Diagnosing Diabetes

When diagnosing diabetes, you can expect the test to be performed in a health care setting such as a laboratory or doctor’s office. Should your physician tells you that your blood sugar level is high or if you have symptoms that are considered signs of diabetes, then your physician may confirm you have diabetes and may not advise you to undergo another test. The following are the tests that are normally done in determining whether you have diabetes or not:

  1. A1C Test – A1C test, otherwise known as glycohemoglobin test, is a primary diagnostic test used for managing diabetes. It is a type of test that determines the person’s average blood sugar levels over the past two to three months. What makes this diagnostic test a much preferable option is the fact that you do not need to undergo fasting or drink something. To diagnose prediabetes, your result should fall into 7% to 6.4%. If the level reads 6.5% and exceeds higher, then that’s the time when the physician rules out diabetes.
  2. Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) – This test is one of the common and mostly performed tests performed by the physician to determine prediabetes or diabetes. In this test, one should fast before a blood test is taken. It means that you do not have to eat or drink anything except water for at least eight hours prior to the test. Usually, this test is performed early in the morning before you take your breakfast. In this test, you can be diagnosed with diabetes when you FPG result confirms that your fasting blood glucose is greater than or equal to 126 mg/dl. A fasting blood glucose level that falls between 100 mg/dl to 125 mg/dl is considered prediabetes.
  3. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) – This is the type of diagnostic test that requires you to drink a special sweet drink two hours prior to the test. This is to determine how your body processes and reacts to glucose. If you have a 2-hour blood glucose level that is greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl, then you may have diabetes. If your blood glucose level falls from 140 mg/dl to 199 mg/dl, however, then you are still in a prediabetic stage.
  4. Random Plasma Glucose Test – Random Plasma Glucose Test, also known as Casual Plasma Glucose Test or Random Blood Sugar Test, is a type of test that is performed by drawing a small amount of your blood at any time of the day. Your physician may confirm that you are diabetic when your blood sugar result is greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl.
  5. Others – Other diabetic tests include dilated eye examination wherein your eye health will be assessed in order to determine early signs of retinopathy. A foot examination may also be ideal in order to detect blood circulations or infections and sores which are crucial to diabetes.

How to Combat Type 2 Diabetes When You Have Prediabetes


When your blood sugar level is higher than normal but does not reach the level where you are considered to have Type 2 Diabetes, then you are prediabetic. Some people who have this condition think that it is okay not to worry too much. When you have prediabetes, you still have to be aware of the importance of controlling your blood sugar and consider it a warning sign because it could rise and may even lead you to develop Type 2 Diabetes. If you do not make some changes in your lifestyle, then your prediabetic condition may progress.

Symptoms of Prediabetes

You may not experience noticeable symptoms right away when you have prediabetes. However, you may experience the following when you are in the early stages:

  1. Increased hunger
  2. Increased thirst
  3. Weight loss despite good appetite
  4. Frequent urination
  5. Fatigue
  6. Blurred vision

Causes of Prediabetes

Insulin, a hormone which is secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas, is responsible for transporting an energy carrying source called glucose into the cells through the bloodstream. In a prediabetes condition, the person’s body does not produce enough insulin to have the energy. It may also be because of the body’s misuse of the insulin. The latter is known as insulin resistance. Now when you have either of these insulin incapacities, your body’s glucose level may gradually increase which may lead you to prediabetes.

Risk factors

  1. Overweight – When you have more tissues in your body, then your cells hardly resist the insulin. These days, the number of prediabetes continues to increase and this number is mostly related to overweight and obesity.
  2. Family history – If you have a parent or a sibling that has Diabetes, then you are more likely to develop this condition if you do not keep track of your blood sugar levels.
  3. Dietary factors – People who don’t consume more Vitamin D are noted to be more at risk for prediabetes. Another dietary factor that can lead to prediabetes is early exposure to the milk of the cow or cow’s milk formula. A more important factor, in addition, is eating a lot of carbohydrates-loaded foods from time to time.
  4. Physical inactivity – A person who doesn’t move a lot and spend time doing activities that may improve his or her physical activity may also likely develop prediabetes. Not only that. It may also lead to other diseases such cardiovascular problems.
  5. Age – The more you age, the more likely you will develop diseases. This is because of the less amount of the body’s ability to dodge illnesses. As you age, your amount of energy also decreases which can affect your blood sugar level.
  6. Race and ethnicity – Studies show that there are certain races and ethnic groups that experience prediabetes more compared to others. Such ethnicities include Hispanic Americans, African-Americans, Asian-Americans, and Native Americans.
  7. Diabetes while pregnant – When a woman develops Diabetes while she is pregnant, the condition is known as gestational diabetes. This condition is noted to be one of the risk factors that may lead to prediabetes and worse, Type 2 Diabetes.

How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

The important thing that you need to remember is to avoid the mentioned risk factors above. However, some of them cannot be prevented, like age, race, and family history. That’s why you need to follow a healthy habit every day to prevent yourself from developing the next level of diabetes. This daily habit includes:

  1. Exercising every day – Always make time for your exercise routine. Keep an active lifestyle by spending some time to do mild walks, stretching exercises, and taking the stairs instead of elevators.
  2. Keeping an eye of your diet – Remember to just take light meals and resort to portion control. This will prevent you from increasing your blood glucose levels.
  3. Maintain your weight – Because obesity is one of the factors of Type 2 Diabetes, always check your weight—if it progresses or remains the same. When you gain weight, that’s the time when you have to do more effort to lower it, like exercising and paying more attention to your diet.
  4. Have a regular check-up with your physician – There is no easy way to prevent Type 2 Diabetes than to have your blood glucose regularly monitored by your physician. This will give you an idea about the status of your condition.
  5. Get enough sleep – Make sleep a priority When you don’t get enough sleep, losing weight will also be a lot harder. It also makes it difficult for your body to effectively use insulin. Take time to relax your body before you switch your light off. Also, avoid consuming caffeine before you go to sleep as this will just give you a hard time to fall asleep.

Thanksgiving and Diabetes: How to Handle the Increase in Food

Managing Diabetes is quite a challenge especially when holidays and special occasions such as Thanksgiving comes. With all the palatable and delicious foods that have the ability to tempt you and ruin your usual diabetic diet, it isn’t easy to say no when they are just everywhere. People with Diabetes believe that they cannot eat the foods that they want during this occasion. This is not true. You can still indulge, but there are things that you need to remember in order to enjoy the holiday and keep your blood sugar level at bay all at the same time.

Don’t skip meals before going to a Thanksgiving feast.

Skipping meals to save up for a Thanksgiving lunch or dinner will make it harder for you to resist the temptation of eating more and more. This may result to overindulging and overeating.

Opt for healthier foods and cut back on carbs.

It isn’t easy to stick to your meal plan when foods are all around the corner, waiting to be devoured. You can manage this by opting for healthier meals instead of giving in to heavy foods that ae loaded with carbs. Start with vegetables or fruits to prevent your appetite from stimulating.

Practice portion control when eating your favorite foods.

You can expect a variety of foods around the table during a holiday but remember that it is good to just stick to your favorite foods and indulge in small servings. For example, if your favorite food Spaghetti is served, choose it instead of including pecan pie, cranberry, mashed potatoes, and several other foods on your plate.

Keep your focus on your family and friends.

Thanksgiving is a time to reunite and bond with your family and friends. Remember that this occasion is not entirely just about foods, so it is important to keep yourself focused mainly on your loved ones. Have fun, play games with them, and spend time talking about things with them. This will give your mind an opportunity to stay pre-occupied away from eating.

Go back to your dietary plan when you accidentally overindulge.

Mistakes happen especially when you just can’t resist the foods that are being served. When this instance happens, forgive yourself and give yourself a chance to start all over again. Don’t let overeating cause you to get discouraged and just let a new unhealthy diet take place. Get back to your usual dietary plan and start motivating yourself to maintain it.

Limit your alcohol intake.

While there are lots of foods during Thanksgiving, there are also plenty of wines and beers that are difficult to say no to. You can actually drink during this occasion. Just make sure that you are not exceeding the limit. Keep your alcohol amount in check. Do not drink while your stomach is empty. Alcohol is known to interact Diabetes medications so it’s better to keep it at a minimum.

Keep an active lifestyle.

Holidays should never be a reason for you to forget your exercise routine. Thanksgiving is the time of the year where you should remain active because of the extra calories that you consume. Spend time with your family walking after the dinner. This way, you can shed off those unnecessary calories, make up for your eating, and get to control your blood sugar level, too. After Thanksgiving, spend more time walking in order to get back to your usual active lifestyle.

Get Yourself Enough Sleep

Thanksgiving and any other occasions tend to keep you awake most of the time because of the activities that you take part to. Remember that not sleeping enough makes it harder to control your blood sugar level. It also makes you crave more foods that are high in carbs and fats, so be sure to get yourself enough sleep—at least eight hours per night, once Thanksgiving is over.

Monitor your blood glucose levels

It is important to keep track on your blood glucose level in order to help you understand how the foods you consume affect your sugar level. This will also help you get back to your healthy lifestyle and encourage you to maintain it.

What is Fibromyalgia? Understanding the Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Millions of people are affected by Fibromyalgia. It is a neurological chronic type of Arthritis that is known for its widespread musculoskeletal pain. Although this condition does not lead to damage to the joints and other parts of the body, it can be worrisome due to its symptoms that affect a person’s general well-being.

Causes of Fibromyalgia

A lot of theories have been formed about how Fibromyalgia forms. There are sources that say it develops as a result of hormonal disturbances or stress. Other theories, on the other hand, state that it is caused by a single event resulting from physical and emotional stressors.

Sudden trauma to the brain and the spinal cord is also believed to be one of the causes of Fibromyalgia.

Who are at Risk for Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia generally affects people who age between 25 to 60 years old. Research also says that women are mostly the ones who are at risk of developing this condition because they undergo hormonal changes and menopause which are related to the development of this condition. In some cases, family inheritance of the disease also plays a role.

Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

  1. Muscle spasms
  2. Muscle tightness
  3. Muscle pain
  4. Fatigue and decreased energy
  5. Anxiety
  6. Depression
  7. Numbness and tingling sensations
  8. Muscle pain after exercise
  9. Memory problems
  10. Sleeping difficulties

The symptoms associated with Fibromyalgia may worsen or lessen depending on the time of the day. It is noted that the pain intensifies in the morning, late afternoon, and at night. These symptoms may also become more intense when a person feels weakness in the body, depression, stress, tension, overexertion, hormonal changes, or when there are weather changes such as cold temperature.

Symptoms may also worsen if this condition is not diagnosed and treated at an early time. They may disappear over time but they may come again a few months after.

Treatment of Fibromyalgia

Because pain is the most prominent manifestation in Fibromyalgia, it is best to report this symptom to your physician the moment it arises so you can take a pain reliever. Nowadays, physicians do their best to give the most effective medications to treat the symptoms of Fibromyalgia. Such medications include pain relievers, anticonvulsants, narcolepsy medications, antidepressants, and sleep aides. These medications are known to reduce symptoms and relieve sleeping difficulties, depression, and anxiety.

Apart from medications, doing exercises also plays a very important role in treating Fibromyalgia. It is advisable that people with this condition involve themselves in swimming, walking, dancing, hiking, and any other types of aerobic exercises in order to strengthen their bones and muscles.

Another way to treat this condition is to get involved in Physical Therapy. Physical Therapy is noted to be very effective in relieving the symptoms caused by Fibromyalgia. It helps lessens stiffness and even eases fatigue. It also improves range of motion (ROM) and flexibility. Taking part in this activity means doing exercises and receiving therapeutic massages from physical therapists who resort to heat packs, ice, and other machines. In this treatment, you are expected to work closely with trained Physical therapists that design a specific treatment plan that best benefits your body’s condition.

The goal of physical therapy is for you to be independent when it comes to managing your condition. You are taught about ways on how to relieve your symptoms by doing proper exercises from time to time.

With these treatment methods, you will find relief from your symptoms. However, these symptoms tend to come back over time especially when you are exposed to a lot of stressors. In this case, you need to identify painful episodes and remember the ways that help you relieve and prevent them.

The 5 Types of Psoriatic Arthritis

Many people do not realize that there are other types of Arthritis besides Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. In fact, there is a type that affects people just the same and it is called Psoriatic Arthritis. This is a type of Arthritis that inflames the joints due to the overactivity of the immune system. A person who develops this condition might have also developed a skin disease that’s also related to the immune system called Psoriasis.

Types of Psoriatic Arthritis

  1. Asymmetric Arthritis

This type of Psoriatic Arthritis is the most common type that affects a person. It does not only cause symptoms to only one joint but other joints as well. However, it does not affect joints that are on both sides of the body. A person with Asymmetric Arthritis may experience swelling of the joints. The joints may also feel warm and tender when they are touched. A person’s hands and toes may also appear like small sausages when you try to observe them. Although this type of Psoriatic Arthritis is common, it is just a mild condition compared to the others. Still, you don’t have to disregard it as it may also lead to disability.

  1. Symmetric Arthritis

Symmetric Arthritis is another type of Psoriatic Arthritis. The second most common type, it is the kind that has similarity to Rheumatoid Arthritis. However, the similarity ends with the severity of the deformity each condition brings out. Symmetric Arthritis leads to less deformity compared to Rheumatoid Arthritis. Symmetric Arthritis is also noted for its potential to cause disability to the person with this kind of condition. What are the symptoms that you will most likely experience with Symmetric Arthritis? The painful sensation is the most common and it is centered to certain parts of the body such as the hips, knee, wrists, and ankles on both sides. Other symptoms that may appear are swelling, stiffness, and inflammation which will be visible in at least five joints of the body. This condition mostly affects women than men. When a person who has psoriasis develops Symmetric Arthritis, his or her psoriasis may appear more serious than the usual.

  1. Spondylitis

Spondylitis is different compared to the other types of Psoriatic Arthritis because its target part of the body is the spine. It affects the spine by causing inflammation to it. When a person has Spondylitis, he or she may experience stiffness in the neck as well as in the lower back and the joints that connect the spine and the pelvis. Spondylitis can become more painful as it continues to advance and its inflammation can affect spinal vertebrae which may require a person to undergo surgical methods. Compared to other types of Psoriatic Arthritis, Spondylitis can be a bit difficult to be diagnosed.

  1. Distal Interphalangeal Predominant

Unlike Spondylitis, Distal Interphalangeal Predominant mostly affects the male population compared to the females. In this condition, distal joints (the joints that are closest to the nails on the hands and the feet) are the parts of the body that are affected. Fingernails and toenails may have ridges and pits and they may appear yellowish-orange in color. This type of Psoriatic Arthritis rarely exists, though.

  1. Arthritis Mutilans

Among the five types of Psoriatic Arthritis, Arthritis Mutilans is considered the most disabling. And although it is the least common type, it can cause general weakness. This condition is characterized by the breaking of the small bones in the hands, the feet, and the back and neck. This breaking down is alarming since it may cause deformity and worst pain. Research says that only 1 out of 5 percent of people with Psoriatic Arthritis is diagnosed with Arthritis Mutilans.

Different Kinds of Arthritis

Did you know that Arthritis is not just a single disease? There are actually more than 100 types of Arthritis and each of them differs when it comes to their symptoms and treatments. Below, you will find information about 5 of the most common types of Arthritis and how you can prevent and manage them.

  1. Osteoarthritis

This type of Arthritis is the most common type. It develops when the bones are already aging or if there is an injury to them. Obesity may also play a part when it comes to the development of this condition. When you have Osteoarthritis, you will most likely feel joint pain, tenderness, stiffness, flexibility problems, bone spurs, and grating sensations. Osteoporosis can be treated with certain medications such as acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and Duloxetine. In order to prevent Osteoarthritis, you need to maintain a healthy weight. Excess weight is known to put extra stress on the joints, so it is advisable to keep your weight normal. Avoiding injury to the bones is also a very important preventive measure.

  1. Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis is another common type of Arthritis. This condition is different compared to the others because it can affect not only the joints but also other parts of the body such as the lungs, heart, eyes, skin, and the blood system. Some of the most common symptoms associated with this condition are fatigue, joint pain, joint swelling, joint redness, joint warmth, joint deformity, loss of range of motion (ROM), anemia, and fever. What is the treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis? In order to manage this condition, the physician may prescribe drugs such as corticosteroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), biologic agents, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Rheumatoid Arthritis can be prevented by doing daily exercises, quitting smoking, avoiding injury to the joints and the bones, and following a healthy diet.

  1. Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia, another common type of Arthritis, is a condition by which a person experiences a chronic widespread pain in the musculoskeletal area. This pain heightens especially when you are responding to pressure. According to researchers, this kind of Arthritis brings out painful sensations by affecting the way your brain receives brain signals. When you have this kind of Arthritis, the symptoms you will most likely feel are morning stiffness, headaches, restless leg syndrome, sleeping difficulties, sensitivity to bright lights, sensitivity to loud noises, memory problems, and irritable bowel syndrome. To manage and treat this problem, you will expect your physician to prescribe you medications such as pregabalin (Lyrica), duloxetine (Cymbalta), and milnacipran (Savella). To avoid developing this condition, you have to get yourself an adequate sleep, keep yourself away from emotional and mental stress, perform meditation and relaxation techniques, get a regular exercise, practice a balanced diet, and regularly visit your physician to assess your musculoskeletal health.

  1. Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic Arthritis is quite different compared to other kinds of Arthritis since it particularly affects those who have psoriasis, an autoimmune skin condition that is characterized by patches of abnormal skin. When you are experiencing Psoriatic Arthritis, you will expect to have general fatigue, swollen fingers, swollen toes, reduced range of motion, tiredness, morning stiffness, eye irritation, nail changes, throbbing, and swelling. Psoriatic Arthritis’ treatment includes drugs such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB) and naproxen sodium (Aleve). How can you keep yourself prevented? You have to maintain a normal weight. Follow a balanced and clean diet. Also keep yourself away from infection by practicing a good hygiene. In addition, make it a habit to visit your physician once in a while for assessment and early diagnosis.

  1. Gout

Gout is considered a complex type of Arthritis. It basically affects anyone. An inflammatory condition, it is characterized by abrupt, severe attacks of pain and redness and tenderness in joints. Apart from redness and tenderness, you may also feel peeling and itching of the skin, limited movement in your affected joint, and warm sensation. Gout can be treated by taking over-the-counter pain medications such as Ibuprofen (Motrin). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are also usually prescribed. In order to prevent this disease from developing, you need to monitor your weight and see if it’s normal. Keep a wholesome diet and avoid foods that may precipitate gout attacks. Foods such as red meat, organ meats, and certain types of seafood that contain high levels of a substance called purine are to be avoided.

13 Important Questions about Arthritis: Ways to Prevent Arthritis

It is best to be truly informed about Arthritis and the things that you need to do in order to prevent this disease. Do you suspect that your joint pain is already a sign of Arthritis? Below are some of the important questions gathered about Arthritis that everyone should know.

  1. What causes Arthritis pain?

A lot of factors could lead to Arthritis pain and these include injuries to the joint, inflammation of the tissue that lines the joints, and muscle strain. Fatigue, on the hand, may also precipitate Arthritis pain.

  1. How can Arthritis pain be measured by the physicians?

Because only you can feel the pain, the only thing that a physician can do in order to measure it is to ask you about it. You may be asked about the level of pain that you experience, specifically letting you scale from 1 (least painful) to 10 (most painful). You may keep a pain diary with you so you can record your pain sensations every day. This serves as a helpful tool for the physicians since they rely on your description of pain when giving you treatment.

  1. How can Arthritis be treated?

There are several ways to treat Arthritis. Depending on the type of Arthritis, certain drugs and medications are prescribed such as analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), counterirritants, and corticosteroids. You can also opt for physical therapy which requires you to perform exercises. In worse cases, surgery is the best treatment—specifically joint repair, joint replacement, and joint fusion surgical methods.

  1. Could I benefit from Physical therapy?

Yes. If you have an Arthritis and you don’t move your joints, the pain and stiffness will only worsen so it is advisable to undergo a physical therapy where you perform exercises so your discomfort will lessen.

  1. What are the symptoms that I should look for?

Joint pain and joint stiffness are the most common symptoms to look for. Other symptoms such as mild fever, numbness, tingling, a decrease of range in motion (ROM), general weakness, dry mouth, loss of appetite, sleeping difficulties, fatigue, and weight loss are also the things that you can experience.

  1. What is the difference between Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis?

The difference between Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis is their symptoms. A person who has Osteoarthritis experiences morning stiffness that lasts less than an hour while a person with Rheumatoid Arthritis feels morning stiffness that lasts longer than 1 hour. In Rheumatoid Arthritis, a general feeling of being ill is present while in Osteoarthritis, only some parts of the body feel discomfort.

  1. What specific measures should be done if symptoms worsen?

You have to call your physician to further assess the degree and level of your Arthritis. This is very important in order for your symptoms and your general condition to be treated immediately.

  1. I’m 40 years old. Could I have Arthritis?

The risk of developing Arthritis increases with age, so as you grow older, you become at risk for it. Take note that this condition is not necessarily an elderly person’s disease, though.

  1. How can exercises treat Arthritis?

With exercises, the muscles around your joints strengthen. Exercises also help maintain bone strength and improve balance, so it is necessary to move your joints every once in a while so as to lessen the pain, stiffness, and other uncomfortable symptoms.

  1. Will there be any precautions I should take before doing exercises?

Yes. Before you delve into exercises, you have to talk to your physician first. Know if certain exercises are good for you and if there are types of exercises that are not advisable and should be avoided. You should also know if you need to be evaluated by a physical therapist before starting an exercise.

  1. What can I do to prevent Arthritis?

Following an active and healthy lifestyle is always the key. Eat healthy foods especially fish. Control your weight, protect your joints against injury, exercise daily, and have a regular check-up with your physician to assess your bone health status.

  1. I’ve heard about Glucosamine. Is it helpful?

Glucosamine is a popular supplement for Arthritis and many people attest that it does wonders to the joints. However, its effect may vary from person to person. You still need to contact your physician and ask if this supplement benefits you.

  1. Are there any types of foods that I should not eat if I have Arthritis?

Yes. It is best to avoid oily foods, sugary foods, alcohol, gluten, processed foods, red meat, and foods rich in saturated fats. These foods are known to worsen Arthritis symptoms.