The tingling sensation in our hands and feet is not exactly the most desired sensation. Sometimes they are temporary. The temporary sensation is actually a result of unwanted pressure when you use your arm as a pillow to your head during your sleep. The joints are foldable, but they have nerves passing through it. From those nerves, there is blood flowing to each and every corner of your body. If the blood is not distributed uniformly in the right proportion for far too long, the sensation is experienced. It is a reflex action or in simple words, a way of letting you know that there is an issue with the blood flow. It may be an act of pressure generated on your nerves when you cross your legs for far too long. The burning and piercing feeling is not painful, and it is neutralized if you remove the pressure on the nerves by releasing the joint folded or bringing it back to the default state of comfort.
In a lot of cases, the tingling sensation in our hands and feet is hereditary or in a more easy way of approach, chronic. It may invite certain other issues like pain, numbness, muscle wasting, and itching. During such cases, the tingling may indicate towards the damage of nerves, which can be an act of certain causes like injuries on repeating scale due to stressor traumatic injuries. Other contributing factors that can cause the tingling in your hands and feet are viral or bacterial infections, chronic and toxic exposures or hormonal abnormality oriented diseases like diabetes.
Damage as such has a medical name, which is peripheral neuropathy as it disturbs the distance of nerves. The network associated with the brain as well as the spinal cordmostly in the case of the areas associated with the hands and feet are affected. There are at least 100 different categories of peripheral neuropathy. Itmay go from bad to worse in time. Certain situations may result in the immobility of limbs. Over 20 million people in America are likely to suffer from peripheral neuropathy out of which the majority includes older adults.
It is very important to look out for proper treatmentif the sensation is stubborn in the hands and/or feet areas. The sooner your tingling is recognized, treated and controlled, the better your chances are to not suffer from any severe consequences. You shouldn’t take it lightly. The after effects of this, gone critical, are not particularly simpatico with you and your medical tolerance.
Causes of Tingling in the Hands and Feet
Around 30% cases which include peripheral neuropathy are due to diabetes itself. If you are affected bydiabetic neuropathy, the tingling sensation and the other symptoms which are associated with itusuallyoccur in the feet and moveupwards towards the legs. It is then followed by the tingling along with the other associatedsymptoms that may affect the hands and continues to move upwards towards the arms. According to a survey, almost two-third of the majority of the populationsuffering from diabetes are also suffering from some other severe harm occurred in the nerves. In most of the cases, it is often observed that such symptoms are theprimarily discoverablesigns of diabetes and you should consider taking them more seriously than a simple tingling.
On another ground of around 30% cases of peripheral neuropathy, the reason behind is idiopathic or obscure.”
There are a variety of reasons for the remaining 40% of the cases, which are as follow:
- Nerve entrapment syndromes: This section includes carpal tunnel syndrome, peroneal nerve palsy, ulnar nerve palsy and radial nerve palsy.
- Systemic diseases:This category of diseases includes kidney problems, liver diseases, vascular damage and blood diseases, amyloidosis, connective tissue disorders and chronic inflammation, hormonal imbalances (which include hypothyroidism), cancers and benign tumors which initiate on nerves.
- Vitamin deficiencies: Vitamins E, B1, B12, B6, and niacin etc. are important for proper nerve functioning. The deficiency of Vitamin B12 may result in pernicious anemia, a significant factorwhich causes peripheral neuropathy. But B6 consumption at an abnormal rate may also create tingling in hands and feet.
- Alcoholism:Deficiencies of thiamine or other important vitamins similar to it are found in alcoholics. These deficiencies are the result of their inappropriate dietary habits which further results in peripheral neuropathy. Another possibility of alcoholism is nerve damage. Theresearchers coin this condition as alcoholic neuropathy. To remove alcohol from our body, our body uses a huge amount of water and energy which in the process, dries up the entire body. That is the explanation of a hangover.
- Toxins:Toxins category is comprised of heavy metals like mercury, arsenic, lead and thallium along with variouschemicals exhausted from industries as well as the environment surrounding them. Toxins are also found in a variety of medications,especially the chemotherapy treatment for treating cancer. It also listsa wide variety of antiviral and antibiotic medications.
- Infections: Thiscategory includes Lyme disease, shingles (varicella-zoster), cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr, herpes simplex, and HIV/AIDS.
- Autoimmune diseases:This list of diseases includes chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis.
- Inherited disorders: This category includes a collectionthat may consista few sensory and motor symptoms,. Among them, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is the most popular and commonly foundtype.
- Injury:Related to trauma in most of the cases, nerves usuallygo under certain conditions and be compressed, crushed, or damaged, and as a result,pain initiates on the nerves. Examples of such cases consist of nerve compression,which is usually caused due to adamageddisc or a bone that’s dislocated.
Diagnosis of Tingling Hands and Feet
To get rid of the tingling sensation in your hands and feet by proper treatment, you will have to go through a series of detailed physical examination tests recommended by your doctorand go through every medical history according to the display of your symptoms along with certain other factors such as an office environment, usual social habits (including use of alcohol), exposure to toxins, risk of HIV or infectious diseases. Your doctor may also look into yourfamily history related to the neurological disease for any heredity incomings.
You might need to undergo some additional tests like:
- Blood test:You might undergo a variety of tests in this to find out the dysfunction of kidney or livervitamin deficiencies, diabetes, multiple metabolic disorders and some common and predictable signs of improper immune system functionality.
- The cerebrospinal fluid examination: In this test, the antibodies are being identified which is linked with peripheral neuropathy.
- Ectromyogram (EMG): An EMG is an electrical activity test of muscle and the response associated with.
- Nerve conduction velocity (NCV)
There might me some other tests also, which include the following:
- Computed tomography (CT)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Nerve biopsy
- Skin biopsy to check nerve fiber endings
Treatments for Tingling Hands and Feet
If the treatment is supposed to be successful, then the entire procedure will depend on a precise diagnosis and the discovery of the hidden causes of the inconvenient tingling. If the peripheral nerve cells are not destroyed, they can regenerate again and act on the same inconvenient way.
There is no any available treatment for the inherited category of peripheral neuropathy. Theinherited types have a better luck to improve with appropriate treatment. A comparatively healthy blood sugar level that has been in controlfor diabetes can decreasethe diabetic neuropathy down; vitamin supplementations can also repair peripheral neuropathy among individuals with vitamin deficiencies.
The suggestion for general lifestyle includes maintaining acorrect weightaccording to the height, avoiding consumptions and also minimal toxin exposure, following an exercise program supervised by an expert, takinga complete balanced diet withno alcohol consumption or limiting it to an appropriate quantity. It is also recommended that one should quit cigarettes. Smoking cuts off thesupply of blood to the blood vessels that restrict the supply of nutrients to the peripheral nerves.
Sometimes tingling and other such symptoms of peripheral neuropathycan be limited with prescriptions that are originally prescribed for the sole motive to provide treatment for seizures and depressed state of mind.
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