DANGERS:Hypertension’s Effects on your Body
When high blood pressure or hypertension attacks, the effects can be felt all throughout your body. It can seriously damage all your important organs such as your heart and brain.
Below are some of the complications high blood pressure can cause to your body.
Dangers of High Blood Pressure
- It can damage your artery
A healthy artery is strong, flexible and elastic. All its inner lining can be seen smooth so that the blood will flow freely. Free flowing blood is important in supplying vital organs and tissues with oxygen and nutrients.
However, when hypertension gradually increases the flowing blood through the arteries, you might experience symptoms including damaged and narrowed arteries and aneurysm. Damaged and narrowed arteries limit the blood flow all throughout your body while an aneurysm can potentially rupture and eventually cause life-threatening internal bleeding.
- It can damage your heart
There are various numbers of damage an uncontrolled high blood pressure can bring to your heart. Among of these are coronary artery disease, enlarged left heart, and heart failure.
Coronary heart disease directly affects the arteries which supply blood to your heart muscles. When blood is unable to flow freely to your heart, you will experience several heart problems such as chest pain, irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias) and even heart attack.
When you have an enlarged left heart, it increases your risk of getting a heart attack, heart failure and worst, sudden cardiac death.
Heart failure is simply your overwhelmed heart beginning to wear out and fail. Having damaged from heart attacks can add to this problem.
- It can damage your brain
Your brain mainly depends on the nourishing blood supplies in order to work properly and survive. However, when high blood pressure arises, it might cause several damages to your brains such as Transient Ischemic Attack as well as stroke, dementia, and mild cognitive impairment.
Transient ischemic attack is commonly termed as mini stroke. It is caused by atherosclerosis or clotting of the blood which can arise from high blood pressure. When you have a TIA, it means you have a high risk of acquiring a full blown stroke.
A stroke typically occurs when part of your brain is deprived of nutrients and oxygen which eventually causes your brain cells to die. When high blood pressure caused blood clots to form in arteries leading to the brain, it blocks the blood flow and potentially cause a stroke.
Dementia is a form of brain disease which results in problems with thinking, reasoning, memory, speaking, vision and movement. High blood pressure is typically the main culprit in causing dementia.
Mild cognitive impairment is the transition stage between changes in a person’s understanding and memory. It comes with aging while the more serious problem is caused by Alzheimer’s disease. Just like dementia, mild cognitive impairment results from the blocked blood flow to the brain which typically occurs when high blood pressure damages arteries.
- It can damage your kidneys
Kidneys are responsible for the filtering of excess fluid and wastes from your blood. A person with high blood pressure may not be able to function its kidneys at its full potential. Also, did you know that on an average, 1 of 5 adults with high blood pressure has chronic kidney disease? Some of the damages high blood pressure can bring to kidneys are kidney failure, kidney scarring, and kidney artery aneurysm.
Kidney failure damages large arteries leading to the kidneys as well as the tiny blood vessels within your kidneys. As a result, the kidneys won’t be able to effectively filter wastes from the blood. Dialysis or kidney transplantation is the ultimate requirement you might need to obtain once you have a kidney failure.
Kidney scarring or glomerulosclerosis is a type of kidney damage which is caused by the scarring of tiny clusters of blood vessels within the kidney called glomeruli. A person with glomerulosclerosis is unable to filter the body wastes effectively, which may eventually lead to kidney failure.
Kidney artery aneurysm is the bulge in walls of blood vessels. Atherosclerosis is one of its potential cause which over time, high blood pressure cause a section of it to enlarge as well as form a bulge. If not treated properly and immediately, the aneurysm can cause life-threatening internal bleeding.
Watch Out For These Symptoms
Blood spots in the eyes
Most of the time, there are no sign or symptoms of high blood pressure. However, if you are experiencing these signs below, you might need to first consult with your doctor. Do not attempt to diagnose yourself. Make sure to entrust your health to a professional medical practitioner.