You suspect you have an increased blood sugar level. How will you know if you think you are right? There are various ways to know if your blood sugar levels rise or if you have a prediabetes condition. Prediabetes is considered as a warning sign or a pre-diagnosis if your blood glucose level is higher than the normal range. In prediabetes, your blood sugar may be high but it is not high enough to be diagnosed as full-blown diabetes. However, having a prediabetes still means that you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle in order to keep yourself away from progressing your condition into diabetes, specifically Type 2 Diabetes. Prediabetes may also lead you to other health problems aside from diabetes such as stroke and heart diseases.
Is prediabetes reversible? According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), this condition can be reversed as long as you stick to your treatment regimen which includes following a healthy diet, doing exercises on a regular basis, and taking your medications religiously. If you have prediabetes and you do not make lifestyle changes, then you are more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes within 10 years.
When diagnosing diabetes, you can expect the test to be performed in a health care setting such as a laboratory or doctor’s office. Should your physician tells you that your blood sugar level is high or if you have symptoms that are considered signs of diabetes, then your physician may confirm you have diabetes and may not advise you to undergo another test. The following are the tests that are normally done in determining whether you have diabetes or not:
- A1C Test – A1C test, otherwise known as glycohemoglobin test, is a primary diagnostic test used for managing diabetes. It is a type of test that determines the person’s average blood sugar levels over the past two to three months. What makes this diagnostic test a much preferable option is the fact that you do not need to undergo fasting or drink something. To diagnose prediabetes, your result should fall into 7% to 6.4%. If the level reads 6.5% and exceeds higher, then that’s the time when the physician rules out diabetes.
- Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) – This test is one of the common and mostly performed tests performed by the physician to determine prediabetes or diabetes. In this test, one should fast before a blood test is taken. It means that you do not have to eat or drink anything except water for at least eight hours prior to the test. Usually, this test is performed early in the morning before you take your breakfast. In this test, you can be diagnosed with diabetes when you FPG result confirms that your fasting blood glucose is greater than or equal to 126 mg/dl. A fasting blood glucose level that falls between 100 mg/dl to 125 mg/dl is considered prediabetes.
- Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) – This is the type of diagnostic test that requires you to drink a special sweet drink two hours prior to the test. This is to determine how your body processes and reacts to glucose. If you have a 2-hour blood glucose level that is greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl, then you may have diabetes. If your blood glucose level falls from 140 mg/dl to 199 mg/dl, however, then you are still in a prediabetic stage.
- Random Plasma Glucose Test – Random Plasma Glucose Test, also known as Casual Plasma Glucose Test or Random Blood Sugar Test, is a type of test that is performed by drawing a small amount of your blood at any time of the day. Your physician may confirm that you are diabetic when your blood sugar result is greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl.
- Others – Other diabetic tests include dilated eye examination wherein your eye health will be assessed in order to determine early signs of retinopathy. A foot examination may also be ideal in order to detect blood circulations or infections and sores which are crucial to diabetes.