Prediabetes is a condition wherein your blood glucose or blood sugar levels are higher than normal. However, the high sugar levels associated with it may not be enough to be considered as diabetes. If you have prediabetes, the symptoms that you experience are the same with diabetes. You might think that it is okay not to worry when you have it, but what you have to take note is that this condition puts you at risk of developing a much more serious condition which is Type 2 Diabetes and even other health-related problems such stroke.
Symptoms of Prediabetes
- Blurry vision – When you have prediabetes, you may notice some changes in your vision such as blurredness and decrease of ability to focus on a subject. However, once your blood sugar goes back to normal, blurred vision also diminishes and eventually goes away.
- Increased thirst and frequent urination – Thirstiness and frequent urination are one of the most common signs of prediabetes. This is because of the fact that your body responses to the surplus sugar in your blood, making your body attempt to flush the excess into the urine and making you eventually dehydrated.
- Fatigue – Because your body needs blood sugar in order to provide energy, you have to keep it normal. However, your blood sugar may not be working properly if you have prediabetes. This leads to insulin resistance and decrease of ability to make your body perform more tasks.
- Presence of wounds or infections – When your blood sugar is high, there is also a slow skin repair process because it is the time when your body experiences slow blood circulation. This may lead to developing minor cuts and bruises. This may also encourage the growth of bacteria and fungi which are a threat to developing an infection.
- Sudden weight gain or weight loss – A sudden change in your weight may be a sign of prediabetes because of the abnormality with the way your body resists insulin. Insulin resistance can make you crave more foods which cause you weight gain. On the other hand, Prediabetes may lead you to weight loss when your body fails to get the energy it needs from blood glucose and starts to burn other things in your system.
How to Prevent Prediabetes
- Losing weight through healthy eating – One of the common risk factors that lead to the development of prediabetes is an overweight body. In order to combat prediabetes, you need to maintain a normal weight. Resort to a healthier diet by limiting portion sizes, cutting back calorie and carb-loaded foods, and avoiding foods that have a high amount of fats and sugar. Opting for fruits, veggies, whole grains, and lean protein may also be a good idea to prevent prediabetes.
- Make exercise part of your routine – Following an active lifestyle can never go wrong. Exercising daily will not only prevent you from developing prediabetes but it will also prevent other conditions to arise such as cardiovascular diseases and stroke. Make exercise a priory. Take walks every day and perform cardio exercises or any other forms of exercise to keep your body moving and to also take away your stress.
- Quit smoking – Studies show that a person who smokes may also be at risk for prediabetes. In fact, 30% to 40% of people who smoke are also more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes. The sooner you quit the habit of smoking, the fewer chances you get in developing prediabetes.
- Get a regular checkup with your physician – To be able to be informed about the status of your blood glucose level and your overall condition, you need to visit your physician more often. Remember that early detection of blood sugar changes can make you become aware and motivated to follow a healthier and ideal lifestyle.
- Lower your stress – It is good to stay away from stressors which are one of the causes of developing any types of diseases. Take time to meditate and get enough sleep. Doing Yoga are performing Pilates are also great stress-reducing techniques to combat prediabetes,
Remember that it is more important to keep yourself away from prediabetes before you see it coming rather than letting it develop and give you a hard time to control and cure it. Prevention, after all, is better than cure.