When your blood sugar level is higher than normal but does not reach the level where you are considered to have Type 2 Diabetes, then you are prediabetic. Some people who have this condition think that it is okay not to worry too much. When you have prediabetes, you still have to be aware of the importance of controlling your blood sugar and consider it a warning sign because it could rise and may even lead you to develop Type 2 Diabetes. If you do not make some changes in your lifestyle, then your prediabetic condition may progress.
Symptoms of Prediabetes
You may not experience noticeable symptoms right away when you have prediabetes. However, you may experience the following when you are in the early stages:
- Increased hunger
- Increased thirst
- Weight loss despite good appetite
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
Causes of Prediabetes
Insulin, a hormone which is secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas, is responsible for transporting an energy carrying source called glucose into the cells through the bloodstream. In a prediabetes condition, the person’s body does not produce enough insulin to have the energy. It may also be because of the body’s misuse of the insulin. The latter is known as insulin resistance. Now when you have either of these insulin incapacities, your body’s glucose level may gradually increase which may lead you to prediabetes.
- Overweight – When you have more tissues in your body, then your cells hardly resist the insulin. These days, the number of prediabetes continues to increase and this number is mostly related to overweight and obesity.
- Family history – If you have a parent or a sibling that has Diabetes, then you are more likely to develop this condition if you do not keep track of your blood sugar levels.
- Dietary factors – People who don’t consume more Vitamin D are noted to be more at risk for prediabetes. Another dietary factor that can lead to prediabetes is early exposure to the milk of the cow or cow’s milk formula. A more important factor, in addition, is eating a lot of carbohydrates-loaded foods from time to time.
- Physical inactivity – A person who doesn’t move a lot and spend time doing activities that may improve his or her physical activity may also likely develop prediabetes. Not only that. It may also lead to other diseases such cardiovascular problems.
- Age – The more you age, the more likely you will develop diseases. This is because of the less amount of the body’s ability to dodge illnesses. As you age, your amount of energy also decreases which can affect your blood sugar level.
- Race and ethnicity – Studies show that there are certain races and ethnic groups that experience prediabetes more compared to others. Such ethnicities include Hispanic Americans, African-Americans, Asian-Americans, and Native Americans.
- Diabetes while pregnant – When a woman develops Diabetes while she is pregnant, the condition is known as gestational diabetes. This condition is noted to be one of the risk factors that may lead to prediabetes and worse, Type 2 Diabetes.
How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
The important thing that you need to remember is to avoid the mentioned risk factors above. However, some of them cannot be prevented, like age, race, and family history. That’s why you need to follow a healthy habit every day to prevent yourself from developing the next level of diabetes. This daily habit includes:
- Exercising every day – Always make time for your exercise routine. Keep an active lifestyle by spending some time to do mild walks, stretching exercises, and taking the stairs instead of elevators.
- Keeping an eye of your diet – Remember to just take light meals and resort to portion control. This will prevent you from increasing your blood glucose levels.
- Maintain your weight – Because obesity is one of the factors of Type 2 Diabetes, always check your weight—if it progresses or remains the same. When you gain weight, that’s the time when you have to do more effort to lower it, like exercising and paying more attention to your diet.
- Have a regular check-up with your physician – There is no easy way to prevent Type 2 Diabetes than to have your blood glucose regularly monitored by your physician. This will give you an idea about the status of your condition.
- Get enough sleep – Make sleep a priority When you don’t get enough sleep, losing weight will also be a lot harder. It also makes it difficult for your body to effectively use insulin. Take time to relax your body before you switch your light off. Also, avoid consuming caffeine before you go to sleep as this will just give you a hard time to fall asleep.