Different Kinds of Arthritis

Did you know that Arthritis is not just a single disease? There are actually more than 100 types of Arthritis and each of them differs when it comes to their symptoms and treatments. Below, you will find information about 5 of the most common types of Arthritis and how you can prevent and manage them.

  1. Osteoarthritis

This type of Arthritis is the most common type. It develops when the bones are already aging or if there is an injury to them. Obesity may also play a part when it comes to the development of this condition. When you have Osteoarthritis, you will most likely feel joint pain, tenderness, stiffness, flexibility problems, bone spurs, and grating sensations. Osteoporosis can be treated with certain medications such as acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and Duloxetine. In order to prevent Osteoarthritis, you need to maintain a healthy weight. Excess weight is known to put extra stress on the joints, so it is advisable to keep your weight normal. Avoiding injury to the bones is also a very important preventive measure.

  1. Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis is another common type of Arthritis. This condition is different compared to the others because it can affect not only the joints but also other parts of the body such as the lungs, heart, eyes, skin, and the blood system. Some of the most common symptoms associated with this condition are fatigue, joint pain, joint swelling, joint redness, joint warmth, joint deformity, loss of range of motion (ROM), anemia, and fever. What is the treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis? In order to manage this condition, the physician may prescribe drugs such as corticosteroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), biologic agents, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Rheumatoid Arthritis can be prevented by doing daily exercises, quitting smoking, avoiding injury to the joints and the bones, and following a healthy diet.

  1. Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia, another common type of Arthritis, is a condition by which a person experiences a chronic widespread pain in the musculoskeletal area. This pain heightens especially when you are responding to pressure. According to researchers, this kind of Arthritis brings out painful sensations by affecting the way your brain receives brain signals. When you have this kind of Arthritis, the symptoms you will most likely feel are morning stiffness, headaches, restless leg syndrome, sleeping difficulties, sensitivity to bright lights, sensitivity to loud noises, memory problems, and irritable bowel syndrome. To manage and treat this problem, you will expect your physician to prescribe you medications such as pregabalin (Lyrica), duloxetine (Cymbalta), and milnacipran (Savella). To avoid developing this condition, you have to get yourself an adequate sleep, keep yourself away from emotional and mental stress, perform meditation and relaxation techniques, get a regular exercise, practice a balanced diet, and regularly visit your physician to assess your musculoskeletal health.

  1. Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic Arthritis is quite different compared to other kinds of Arthritis since it particularly affects those who have psoriasis, an autoimmune skin condition that is characterized by patches of abnormal skin. When you are experiencing Psoriatic Arthritis, you will expect to have general fatigue, swollen fingers, swollen toes, reduced range of motion, tiredness, morning stiffness, eye irritation, nail changes, throbbing, and swelling. Psoriatic Arthritis’ treatment includes drugs such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB) and naproxen sodium (Aleve). How can you keep yourself prevented? You have to maintain a normal weight. Follow a balanced and clean diet. Also keep yourself away from infection by practicing a good hygiene. In addition, make it a habit to visit your physician once in a while for assessment and early diagnosis.

  1. Gout

Gout is considered a complex type of Arthritis. It basically affects anyone. An inflammatory condition, it is characterized by abrupt, severe attacks of pain and redness and tenderness in joints. Apart from redness and tenderness, you may also feel peeling and itching of the skin, limited movement in your affected joint, and warm sensation. Gout can be treated by taking over-the-counter pain medications such as Ibuprofen (Motrin). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are also usually prescribed. In order to prevent this disease from developing, you need to monitor your weight and see if it’s normal. Keep a wholesome diet and avoid foods that may precipitate gout attacks. Foods such as red meat, organ meats, and certain types of seafood that contain high levels of a substance called purine are to be avoided.

Posted in Arthritis, Diseases.

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